In the twenty-first century the problem of obesity affects everyone, regardless of social status, age, gender and place of residence.
According to the World Health Organization, about 1.7 billion people in the world are overweight. WHO predicts that by 2025. 40% of men and 50% of women will be obese.
To diagnose obesity and determine its degree, body mass index (BMI) is used, which is obtained by dividing the patient’s body weight (in kilograms) by his height (in meters) squared. Normal body weight corresponds to a BMI of 18.5-24.5. A BMI of 25.0-29.9 indicates excess body weight, and a BMI greater than 30 indicates that the patient is obese. And for weight loss is sometimes used: https://pillintrip.com/medicine/ecoslim.
Diagnosis of obesity:
Grade I obesity is diagnosed at a BMI of 30.0 to 34.9
Grade II obesity at a BMI of 35.0 to 39.9
Grade III obesity (or morbid) – at BMI over 40
Remember that BMI is not reliable in children, pregnant women, as well as athletes and highly muscular persons. For these categories of patients the presence and degree of obesity is determined differently.
Complications of obesity
Obesity is a major, but avoidable risk factor for atherosclerosis, cardiovascular diseases (hypertension, coronary heart disease, myocardial infarction, varicose veins), type 2 diabetes, gallstone disease, osteoarthritis, cancer (breast, uterine, ovarian, prostate cancer), reproductive system disorders (up to infertility).
The risk of complications of obesity can also be determined by measuring the waist circumference: it will be increased if the circumference is more than 94 cm in men and more than 80 cm in women.
Obesity often develops metabolic syndrome, a complex of metabolic disorders (high blood sugar, blood lipid imbalance) and arterial hypertension (?130/85 mm Hg), which many times increases the risk of cardiovascular disease.
Causes of obesity
The cause of obesity is an imbalance between incoming energy and energy expenditure. In 95% of all cases obesity is caused by systematic overeating (the quantity but also the composition of the food is important), eating disorders and a lack of exercise.
Only 5% of obesity is primary endocrine in nature and develops with hypercorticism, hypogonadism, hypothyroidism and insulinoma. In these cases, the leading symptomatology is caused by the lesion of the corresponding endocrine gland.